Tuesday, 30 September 2014

obesity .prevention is better then medicines

OBESITY :-
PREVENTION IS BETTER THN MEDICINES
Health Risks Linked to Obesity:-
Obesity is a term that means you weigh at least 20% more than what is considered a normal weight for your height. It makes you more likely to have conditions including:
Health Risks Linked to Obesity
Obesity is a term that means you weigh at least 20% more than what is considered a normal weight for your height. It makes you more likely to have conditions including:
1.Heart disease and stroke
2.High blood pressure
3.Diabetes
4.Some cancers
5.Gallbladder disease and gallstones
6.Osteoarthritis
7.Gout
8.Breathing problems,
9.sleep apnea (when a person stops breathing for short episodes during sleep)
10. asthma
Heart Disease and Stroke
Extra weight makes you more likely to have high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Both of those conditions make heart disease or stroke more likely.
The good news is that losing a small amount of weight can reduce your chances of developing heart disease or a stroke. Losing 5%-10% of your weight is proven to lower your chance of developing heart disease.
Type 2 Diabetes
Most people who have type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. You can cut your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by losing weight, eating a balanced diet, getting adequate sleep, and exercising more.
If you have type 2 diabetes, losing weight and becoming more physically active can help control your blood sugar levels. Becoming more active may also reduce your need for diabetes medication.
Cancer
Cancers of the colon, breast (after menopause), endometrium (the lining of the uterus), kidney, and esophagus are linked to obesity. Some studies have also reported links between obesity and cancers of the gallbladder, ovaries, and pancreas.
Gallbladder Disease
Gallbladder disease and gallstones are more common if you are overweight.
Ironically, weight loss itself, particularly rapid weight loss or loss of a large amount of weight, can make you more likely to get gallstones. Losing weight at a rate of about 1 pound a week is less likely to cause gallstones.
Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a common joint condition that most often affects the knee, hip, or back. Carrying extra pounds places extra pressure on these joints and wears away the cartilage (tissue cushioning the joints) that normally protects them.
Weight loss can ease stress on the knees, hips, and lower back and may improve the symptoms of osteoarthritis.
Gout
Gout is a disease that affects the joints. It happens when you have too much uric acid in your blood. The extra uric acid can form crystals that deposit in the joints.
Gout is more common in overweight people. The more you weigh, the more likely you are to get gout.
Over the short term, sudden weight changes may lead to a flare-up of gout. If you have a history of gout, check with your doctor for the best way to lose weight.
Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a breathing condition that's linked to being overweight.
Sleep apnea can cause a person to snore heavily and to briefly stop breathing during sleep. Sleep apnea may cause daytime sleepiness and make heart disease and stroke more likely.
specially it may seen that in development countries ,like USA ,UK ,UAE ,
but in asian countries & African low percentage of OBESITY


Saturday, 27 September 2014

Hepatitis & short definition

What Is hepatitis?
introduction 
Hepa means liver  ,titis mean inflammation:
 Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a hepatitis virus:
An estimated 4.4 million Americans are living with chronic hepatitis; most do not know they are infected. Most do not know HOW they were infected. About 80,000 new infections occur each year.
There are several types of viral hepatitis infections. The most common types of viral hepatitis in the U. S. are hepatitis A, B, and C. In recent years, hepatitis D and E viruses also have been identified. Related health issues affecting the liver are cirrhosis and liver cancer.
How do you get hepatitis? 

Hepatitis A is transmitted through fecal contaminated food or water and anal/oral contact. Transmission of hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) involves contact with infected blood and body fluids. HBV is transmitted by infected body fluid. HCV is a blood born virus and is transmitted blood to blood. In some cases it is impossible to trace the source of a hepatitis infection. 


Can someone visit me if they have hepatitis?
It is perfectly safe to visit someone with hepatitis. Hepatitis is not transmitted through casual contact. It is OK to shake hands with, hug, or kiss someone who is infected with viral hepatitis.
Can hepatitis be sexually transmitted?
Yes, hepatitis B is often sexually transmitted. HBV is found in blood, semen, and vaginal fluids. The virus is 100 times more infectious than the HIV virus. Sexual partners of an infected person should practice safe sex. Partners not infected should get vaccinated for hepatitis B. (Those who have recovered from HBV are immune.)
Hepatitis C is not easily transmitted through sexual contact; researchers are uncertain how often transmission occurs through sex.
Hepatitis A may be spread through anal/oral contact during sex.
Is treatment available for hepatitis patients?
  • Hepatitis A: no treatment for hepatitis A (HAV), however 99% of the time HAV will clear up over a period of a few weeks to months. 
  • Hepatitis B: treatment for chronic hepatitis B usually consists of Alpha interferon and lamivudine. These drugs are effective in up to 40% of patients. 
  • Hepatitis C: treatment for HCV will be interferon, ribavirin, and teleprevir or boceprevir. Currently these are the recommended drugs. Interferon can be taken alone or in combination with Ribavirin. Combination therapy is currently the treatment of choice. 
  • Chronic hepatitis D is usually treated with pegylated interferon, although other potential treatments are under study. 
  • Hepatitis E usually resolves on its own over several weeks to months.

Friday, 26 September 2014

25 health benefits of bananas

Prevention Is Better Then Medicines:-

25 health benefits of bananas:-

1.Bananas help overcome depression due to high levels of tryptophan, which is converted into serotonin -- the happy-mood brain neurotransmitter.
2.Eat two bananas before a strenuous workout to pack an energy punch and sustain your blood sugar.
3.Protect against muscle cramps during workouts and nighttime leg cramps by eating a banana.
4.Counteract calcium loss during urination and build strong bones by supplementing with a banana.
5.Improve your mood and reduce PMS symptoms by eating a banana, which regulates blood sugar and produces stress-relieving relaxation.
6.Bananas reduce swelling, protect against type II diabetes, aid weight loss, strengthen the nervous system, and help with the production of white blood cells, all due to high levels of vitamin B-6.
7.Strengthen your blood and relieve anemia with the added iron from bananas.
8.High in potassium and low in salt, bananas are officially recognized by the FDA as being able to lower blood pressure and protect against heart attack and stroke.

Digestion

9.Rich in pectin, bananas aid digestion and gently chelate toxins and heavy metals from the body.
10.Bananas act as a prebiotic, stimulating the growth of friendly bacteria in the bowel. They also produce digestive enzymes to assist in absorbing nutrients.
11.Constipated? High fiber in bananas can help normalize bowel motility.
12.Got the runs? Bananas are soothing to the digestive tract and help restore lost electrolytes after diarrhoea.
13.Bananas are a natural antacid, providing relief from acid reflux, heartburn and GERD.
14.Bananas are the only raw fruit that can be consumed without distress to relieve stomach ulcers by coating the lining of the stomach against corrosive acids.

Natural Cures From A Simple Banana

15.Eating bananas will help prevent kidney cancer, protects the eyes against macular degeneration and builds strong bones by increasing calcium absorption.
16.Bananas make you smarter and help with learning by making you more alert. Eat a banana before an exam to benefit from the high levels of potassium.
17.Bananas are high in antioxidants, providing free radicals and protection from chronic disease.
18.Eating a banana between meals helps stabilize blood sugar and reduce nausea from morning sickness.
19.Rub a bug bite or hives with the inside of the banana peel to relieve itching and irritation.
20.Control blood sugar and avoid binging between meals by eating a banana.
21.Eating a banana can lower the body temperature and cool you during a fever or on a hot day.
22.The natural mood-enhancer tryptophan, helps to relieve Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).
23.Quitting smoking? Bananas contain high levels of B-vitamins as well as potassium and magnesium to speed recovery from the effects of withdrawal.
24.Remove a wart by placing the inside of a piece of banana peel against the wart and taping it in place.
25.Rub the inside of a banana peel on your leather shoes or handbag and polish with a dry cloth for a quick shine.
 — 

EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE

EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE:-

INTRODUCTION ;




SIGNE & SYMPTOMS

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe disease that causes haemorrhagic fever in humans and animals. Diseases that cause haemorrhagic fevers, such as Ebola, are often fatal as they affect the body's vascular system (how blood moves through the body). This can lead to significant internal bleeding and organ failure.

The current outbreak of Ebola is in Central and West Africa. There have not been any cases of Ebola in Canada.

The Ebola virus can spread through:

contact with infected animals
contact with blood, body fluids or tissues of infected persons
contact with medical equipment, such as needles, contaminated with infected body fluids
Exposure can occur in health care settings when staff do not wear appropriate protective equipment, such as masks, gowns and gloves.

As long as precautions are taken, there is low risk of contracting EVD in a country where the disease is present.

Symptoms show up 2 to 21 days after infection and usually include:

High fever.
Headache.
Joint and muscle aches.
Sore throat.
Weakness.
Stomach pain.
Lack of appetite.
 

ANTIEMETIC DRUGS & PREGNENCY

Antiemetic drugs in Pregnancy anti   - mean =against  emet - mean =vomiting  tic     - mean =drug  Those drug which we can sued ...