Monday, 22 June 2015

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : APRICOT SEED BENEFITS

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : APRICOT SEED BENEFITS: APRICOT:- OCCURRENCE. APRICOT occurs all the part of the world ,like usa ,uk, African ,but mostly in Asian side ,specially Pakistan i...

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : EXERCISE & HEALTH

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : EXERCISE & HEALTH: Health Iz Wealth ;- Top Ten Exercise Tips  EXERCISE IST & MUST TO IMPROVE UR LIFE CYCLE ,LIFE STANDER , LIFE IMPROVEMENT & BETT...

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : Reproductive Diseses

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : Reproductive Diseses: Reproductive system disease A  reproductive system disease  is any  disease  of the  reproductive system . Contents 1   Types ...

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : obesity .prevention is better then medicines

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : obesity .prevention is better then medicines: OBESITY  :- PREVENTION IS BETTER THN MEDICINES Health Risks Linked to Obesity:- Obesity is a term that means you weigh at least 20% mor...

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : Top Super fruits List

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : Top Super fruits List: HEALTH IS WEALTH .TOP SUPER FRUITS NEED UR HEALTH IMPROVEMENT &BALANCE DIETS . Top Super fruits List 1)  Maqui Berry Maqui ber...

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : TUBERCULOSIS ' T.B

Health & Medicines pharmacist tips : TUBERCULOSIS ' T.B: TUBERCULOSIS ' In this factsheet: The Facts on Tuberculosis Causes of Tuberculosis Symptoms and Complications of Tubercu...

Thursday, 18 June 2015

kidney diseses inn pict

kidney & importance :

Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of your fists. They are located near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. Inside each kidney about a million tiny structures called nephrons filter blood. They remove waste products and extra water, which become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters to your bladder, which stores the urine until you go to the bathroom.
Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. Causes can include genetic problems, injuries, or medicines. You are at greater risk for kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a close family member with kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease damages the nephrons slowly over several years. Other kidney problems include:


.         Cancer


what Causes Acute Kidney Injury?

The sudden loss of kidney function is called acute kidney injury, also known as acute renal failure (ARF). ARF has three main causes:
  • Lack of blood flow to the kidneys
  • Direct damage to the kidneys themselves
  • Blockage of urine from the kidneys
Common causes include:
  • A traumatic injury with blood loss
  • Dehydration
  • Damage to the kidneys from shock during a severe infection called sepsis
  • Obstruction of urine flow, such as with an enlarged prostate
  • Damage from certain drugs or toxins
  • Pregnancy complications, such as eclampsia and pre-eclampsia, or related HELLP Syndrome
Marathon runners and other athletes who don't drink enough fluids while competing in long-distance endurance events may suffer acute renal failure due to a sudden breakdown of muscle tissue. This muscle breakdown releases a large amount of protein into the bloodstream called myoglobin that can damage the kidneys.

What Causes Chronic Kidney Disease?

Kidney damage and decreased function that lasts longer than 3 months is called chronic kidney disease (CKD). Chronic kidney disease is particularly dangerous, because you may not have any symptoms until considerable, often irreparable, kidney damage has occurred. Diabetes (types 1 and 2) and high blood pressure are the most common causes of CKD. Other causes are:

  • Immune system conditions such as lupus and chronic viral illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C
  • Urinary tract infections within the kidneys themselves, called pyelonephritis, can lead to scarring as the infection heals. Multiple episodes can lead to kidney damage.
  • Inflammation in the tiny filters (glomeruli) within the kidneys; this can happen after strep infection and other conditions of unknown cause.
  • Polycystic kidney disease, in which fluid-filled cysts form in the kidneys over time. This is the most common form of inherited kidney disease.
  • Congenital defects, present at birth, are often the result of a urinary tract obstruction or malformation that affects the kidneys; one of the most common involves a valve-like mechanism between the bladder and urethra. These defects, sometimes found while a baby is still in the womb, can often be surgically repaired by an urologist.
  • Drugs and toxins, including long-term exposure to some medications and chemicals, such as NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), like ibuprofen and naproxen, and use of intravenous “street” drugs

WebMD Medical Reference
Reviewed by Lisa B. Bernstein, MD on March 18, 2015










ANTIEMETIC DRUGS & PREGNENCY

Antiemetic drugs in Pregnancy anti   - mean =against  emet - mean =vomiting  tic     - mean =drug  Those drug which we can sued ...